Under eye wrinkles, fine lines on face and deeper forehead lines are all a natural consequence of the body’s ageing process, but the rate and degree at which they form can also be motivated by external factors.
To formulate an anti-ageing skincare routine and determine what helps with wrinkles, it’s important to understand how unique they are to each of us. Your genetics, behaviour and environment all affect the formation of wrinkles around the eye and other areas, even down to the angle you look at your phone from.
Skincare ingredients such as retinol and antioxidants are especially effective at plumping and brightening skin to reduce the appearance of ageing skin. To create an optimal skincare routine for your skin type, we’ve compiled a breakdown of this phenomenon – answering ‘what are fine lines?’, as well as what to do for under eye wrinkles and how to approach mouth lines. See below to find out what causes wrinkles on face and how best to approach them.
WHAT ARE WRINKLES?
Appearing usually from age 30 onwards, fine lines and wrinkles on face are creases in skin with varied depth (depending on their location). Wherever they’re placed, wrinkles are reflective of muscle use, loss of substances like collagen in skin, and environmental stressors like UV radiation.
There are two general forms of fine lines on face – static wrinkles, which refer to loss of gravity and ageing in skin, and dynamic wrinkles, which occur through repeated facial movements. With so much variety of placement, what are fine lines called? Common terms include ‘crows’ feet’, which refer to wrinkles around eyes; ‘laugh lines’, which sit around the upper lip, and ‘worry lines’, the eleven shaped lines that appear between eyebrows.
WHAT CAUSES WRINKLES
Where wrinkles on face appear indicates how we convey emotion. Wrinkles around the eye and under eye wrinkles for example can be caused by squinting, laughing and smiling. What causes wrinkles on face are a combination of cumulative exposure to external stressors and internal changes, including:
- Slowed skin cell cycle: during our 20s, the cycle in which new skin cells form and emerge to the surface of skin is around 21 days – this slows to around 60 days in our 50s. Without frequent cell regeneration, dead skin accumulates, causing sagging and fine lines on face to appear.
- Loss of volume: collagen and water content decreases as we age, leading skin to become thin and dry. Without proper volume and hydration from moisturisers, skin can sag and crease.
Environmental stressors: pollution, UV radiation and smoking all cause oxidative stress to skin, which ultimately impacts elastic fibres as well as collagen and hyaluronic acid content in skin.
AM AND PM SKINCARE ROUTINE FOR WRINKLES ON FACE
Whether you’re wondering ‘what age do you get wrinkles’ in order to delay their formation or seeking to address apparent fine lines on face, the skincare approach is essentially the same. Whatever stage of anti-ageing routines you are at, sunscreen should always be the last step of your morning routine. Broad spectrum 50 SPF+ sunscreens help to reduce visible effects of ageing by protecting skin against UV radiation. Other steps are below.
IMPLEMENT EFFACACIOUS SERUM
Face serums are able to permeate the deep layers of skin, imparting ingredients that protect from stressors which cause winkles on face to form. Applied to cleansed skin, they can help to strengthen and plump complexions.
In the AM: to assist skin against daily oxidative environmental stress, an antioxidant serum should be applied in the morning. Vitamin C 10 Brightening Serum improves skin quality by reducing the appearance of fine lines on face and increasing radiance.
In the PM: our skin is most permeable at night. To take advantage of this, a retinol-based serum should be applied before bed. A highly potent ingredient, the pure retinol used in Retinol B3 Anti-Ageing Serum helps encourage collagen production in skin and helps to reduce the appearance of under eye wrinkles and other lines.
HYDRATE THE EYE AREA
The skin around eyes is 40% thinner than the rest of our face. To reduce the appearance of wrinkles around eyes, a targeted anti-ageing moisturiser should be implemented for this specific area.
In the AM: hyaluronic acid, a deeply hydrating substance found naturally in skin, decreases as we age. To replump skin and assist in firming complexions, Redermic Vitamin C Anti-Ageing Eye Cream includes vitamin C, hyaluronic acid and mannose to help fade irregularities.
In the PM: slow-release retinol can support the delicate area of skin around the eyes. To address signs of fatigue, under eye wrinkles and signs of photo-ageing, Redermic R Anti-Wrinkle Eye Cream can be used on alternate evenings from other retinol products.
APPLY ANTI-AGEING MOISTURISER
Re-instating hydration in skin is an integral component to anti-ageing routines. Once moisture is implemented, the skin moisture barrier is able to protect from external stressors and better retain water content.
In the AM: apply a vitamin C infused firming moisturiser. Redermic Vitamin C 10 Moisturiser can be applied in the morning and night, and is formulated with pure vitamin C, neurosensine and thermal spring water to visibly reduce fine lines on face.
In the PM: for wrinkles on face alongside age spots and dulled skin, a retinol-infused moisturiser can be applied at night. Redermic Retinol Anti-Ageing Cream Gel can be used across face and neck – and should be alternated with other retinol products.
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