When it comes to sun protection, dermatologists and pediatricians are unanimous. Follow their advice:
1. Avoid direct exposure to the sun before three years of age. Even in the shade, sun protection is needed.
2. Where possible, stay indoors when the sun is strongest - between 12:00 and 16:00.
3. Opt for dark-coloured clothing (t-shirt, shorts), sunglasses and a hat - even in the shade.
4. Generously apply sunscreen with a high UVA-UVB protection factor and reapply at least every two hours.
Why is it so important to apply these four golden rules regarding children’s sun protection?
50% of sun capital is used up until teenage hood. And one out of 55 people born in 2008 will one day have a melanoma. Why? Children are overexposed to UV rays. On holiday, one-third of children spend an average of 15 hours per week in their swimsuit.
That is far too much, especially considering that water and sand reflect 30% of UV rays. And at these ages, children are unable to assess the danger. Consequences: They only express their discomfort when the damage is already done.
The fairer their complexion (redheads and blonds), greater the danger. Protection must therefore be the same in the summer even with a slightly overcast sky or when children are moving around. The times when the sun is high in the sky are particularly dangerous. It is during adulthood that their children will suffer the consequences of unprotected exposure.